英语论文文献引用格式——MLA Style

MLAModern Language Association的缩写,是美国现代语言协会制定的论文指导格式,同时也是北美大学英文论文写作最常用的一种参考文献格式,最新的为MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers(《MLA学术论文指南》)第8版。相比APACMS等格式来说,MLA论文格式更加严谨,更加常用。语言文学类论文通常使用MLA格式。

什么是MLA格式? MLA格式 In-Text Citation,Works Cited写作细节

英语论文文献引用格式——MLA Style


Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263). 或者:

Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).

1.如果引用的材料存在多个作者(人数超出三人)的情况,MLA格式需要使用“et al.”的缩略写法。例如:

According to Franck et al, “Current agricultural policies in the U.S. are contributing to the poor health of Americans” (327). 或者:

The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies (Franck et al. 327).


The authors claim that surface reading looks at what is “evident, perceptible, apprehensible in texts” (Best and Marcus 9). 或者:

Best and Marcus argue that one should read a text for what it says on its surface, rather than looking for some hidden meaning (9).



Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children (“Too Soon” 38), though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child’s second and third year (“Hand-Eye Development” 17).


Murray states that writing is “a process” that “varies with our thinking style” (Write to Learn 6). Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to “carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another” (A Writer Teaches Writing 3).

MLA 参考文献格式中,主要有两种类型的文献,Print(书籍和期刊)和Web(网页引用内容),这些都必须要在文末的Works Cited中标注出来。另外,每条引用条目还需要次行缩进。


Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication, Publisher, Publication Date. 例如:

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. Penguin, 1987.

 Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Utah State UP, 2004.


Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year,pages. 例如:

 Bagchi, Alaknanda. “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50.


Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable). 例如:

 Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May 2006.

 Lundman, Susan. “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015.



 @WSJ. “Generation X went from the most successful in terms of homeownership rates in 2004 to the least successful by 2015.” Twitter, 8 Apr. 2016, 4:30 p.m., twitter.com/WSJ/status/718532887830753280


● MLA 8th 引用期刊

Kincaid, Jamaica. “In History.” Callaloo, vol. 24, no. 2, Spring 2001, pp. 620-26.

● MLA 7th 引用期刊

Kinkaid, Jamaica. “In History.” Callaloo 24.2 (Spring 2001): 620-26.




● MLA 8th 引用书籍

Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.

● MLA 7th 引用书籍

Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011. Print.


其详细的介绍可参看美国佛蒙特大学图书馆大卫•W•豪纪念图书馆(David W. Howe Memorial Library of THE UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT Libraries)网站上的“MLA (Modern Language Association) Style”网页(网址:http://library.uvm.edu/research/citations_style_guides_and_information_management/mla_style)。


上一篇 2021年12月1日 上午7:11
下一篇 2021年12月1日 上午7:19